Judson A Smith

857-863 Sweinhart Road
Boyertown PA 19512
Telephone: 610-367-2021
FAX: 610-367-0962

A.T. Wall

55 Service Avenue
Warwick RI 02886
Telephone: 401-739-0740
FAX: 401-732-5784

Parmatech CA

2221 Pine View Way
Petaluma, CA 94954
Telephone: 707-778-2266
FAX: 707-778-2262

Parmatech RI

825 Waterman Ave
East Providence, RI 02914
Telephone: 401-824-5010
FAX: 401-424-5018


Parmatech Corporation

Parmatech Corporation strives to offer the best solution package to our customers as defined by exceeding their expectations. Solutions include identifying prototyping needs, rapid prototyping, alloy development, metrology assistance, and identification and managing complex secondary operations.


Recognized leader and driver of innovation by the Metal Powder Industry Federation (MPIF) year after year.

Parmatech Corporation is a leading supplier of custom manufactured metal injection molding components.

Metal Injection Molding (MIM) is a low cost, high volume manufacturing process that produces parts to near net shape, reducing or eliminating the need for secondary and machining operations. The process technology excels in small parts of complex shape, enabling part manufacturing that may be prohibitive or impossible to make with conventional technologies.

Parmatech Corporation strives to offer the best solution package to our customers as defined by exceeding their expectations. Solutions include identifying prototyping needs, rapid prototyping, alloy development, metrology assistance, and identification and managing complex secondary operations.

Metal Injection Molding (MIM) components for a wide variety of industrial applications. The MIM Process combines injection molding technology with powder metallurgy to achieve near-net shape, high volume production of complex mechanical components.

One Step at a Time

Parmatech works closely with customers to ensure the best production at the minimum cost. While MIM generally consists of a few main steps, we will optimize the material, binder system, and processing path for your application.


MIM tooling is similar to tooling used in plastic injection molding. These tools can range from simple prototype tools to high volume multi-cavity production tools. Please see our Tooling Philosophy section for more information.


We start with a fine metal powder (particle size approximately 10-20 microns) and mix this with a proprietary blend of plastics that we call "binders". The powders are incorporated, or compounded, into the fluid binder and granulated to form a feedstock for an injection molding machine.


After compounding, the feedstock is injected into a mold to form a "green" part. The injection molding machine, similar to that used in the plastic injection molding industry, heats the feedstock and injects the viscous fluid into the mold. The MIM part in this molded state is often referred to as a ‘green’ part.


debinding_239x194The binders are removed through solvent and thermal processing. The step is called debinding, and helps separate the binder materials from the powder metal. Debinding can be done in two or three process steps, depending on the equipment capability.



sintering_131x181Finally, the parts are put through a high-temperature sintering furnace where the remaining binders are removed. The powder particles fuse together to reach 98%+ of theoretical density. During this critical step, the parts shrink approximately 20%. We utilize special techniques that result in exceptional metallurgical and dimensional controls, resulting in very repeatable and stable parts.


After sintering, the parts are inspected against high quality standards. At this point, additional operations - such as machining, heat treating or plating - may be undertaken to achieve tighter tolerances or enhanced properties.


Part design greatly impacts process capability. From uneven wall sections to features that need support through sintering, there are specific factors that determine the tolerances possible on a part. By working with you as early as possible in the MIM process, our sales and engineering staff can help you to match the process’ capability to the tolerances needed to achieve required design function. Without secondary operations, the MIM process is capable of ± 0.3% to ± 0.5% of a given dimension; for example, 1.000 ± 0.003 inches or 25 ± 0.075mm.

From Metal Powder Industries Federation (MPIF) standard materials to custom development of application specific alloys, Parmatech has the material solution for your demanding design requirements. Materials Scientists coupled with in-house custom alloy development allows for solutions beyond typical component suppliers.

If your desired material is not listed here, contact us and we'll find a solution to meet your needs.

Material Group Alloy/Material Description
 Low Alloy and Alloy Steels MIM-2200 (Fe-2%Ni)
MIM-2700 (Fe-2%Ni)
High strength and hardness when heat treated
Austenitic Stainless Steels  304L
Excellent cryogenic properties, superior corrosion resistance, moderate strength and high ductility
Ferritic Stainless Steels  MIM-430L Possess good corrosion and magnetic properties
Martensitic Stainless Steels  MIM-420
Designed to provide moderate corrosion resistance with excellent hardness, strength and wear
Precipitation Hardening Stainless Steels MIM-17-4 PH High strength, toughness and hardness, with good corrosion resistance.
Soft Magnetic Materials  MIM-2200 (Fe-2%Ni)
MIM-Fe50%Ni (Fe-50%Ni)
MIM-Fe-3%Si (Fe-3%Si)
Soft ferromagnetic materials
Controlled Expansion and Sealing Materials MIM-F15 (Kovar® Alloy)* Uniform and low thermal expansion alloys
Copper MIM-Cu High thermal conductivity and good electrical properties
Tungsten W-Ni alloy High thermal conductivity and density, good electrical properties

Typical Mechanical Properties of Parmatech MIM Alloys

Material Group Alloy* Yield Strength (MPa) UTS (MPa) Elongation (%) Density (g/cm³) Hardness
Low Alloy & Alloy Steels MIM-2200
140 300 35 7.60 45 HRB
Heat treated**
200-600 380-650 2 to 20 7.60 >55 HRC
300 390 25 7.60 70 HRB
Heat treated**
670 830 9 7.60 >55 HRC
4140** 1200 1550 4 7.4 44 HRC
205 440 15 7.5 62 HRB
quenched and tempered
1480 1655 2.0 7.5 48 HRC
Stainless Steels MIM-316L 180 500 50 7.80 67 HRB
304 L 140 500 70 7.75 60 HRB
MIM-17-4 PH As-sintered 730 900 6 7.60 25 HRC
Soft Magnetic Alloys MIM-430L 240 410 25 7.50 65 HRB
MIM-Fe-3%Si 360 530 30 7.50 80 HRB
MIM-Fe-50%Ni 160 450 30 7.70 50 HRB
Controlled Expansion Alloy F15 300 450 35 7.8 75 HRB

* Alloys with MIM prefix are also listed in the MPIF Standard 35 (2000 edition) Materials Standard for Metal Injection Molded Parts

** Depending on the type of heat treatment a range of mechanical properties can be obtained in MIM-2200 and MIM-2700, 4140, MIM-4605

Note: Parmatech does not warranty that these materials are fit for any particular application.
All materials need to be tested by the customer to assure that they meet minimum performance criteria.

Typical Magnetic Properties of Parmatech MIM Alloys

Alloy Density (g/cm³) Maximum Permeability,
µ max
Coercive Field
Hc (Oe)
Residual Induction
Br (kG)
Induction, B(kG) @ H=5 Oe 10 Oe 15 Oe
MIM-2200 7.75 3,300 1.50 7.7 12.0 14.0 15.2
MIM-2700 7.85 1,700 2.30 6.2 7.8 11.5 13.9
MIM-Fe-50%Ni 8.0 30,000 0.17 6.5 11.4 12.5 12.9
MIM-Fe-50%Co 7.7 4,800 1.5 14 ---------------
MIM-Fe-3%Si 7.55 6,700 0.69 8.7 12.5 13.5 14.0
MIM-430L 7.60 5,000 0.67 7.3 9.75 10.5 11.0

1 oersted (Oe) = 79.55 ampere/meter (A/m)

1 kilogauss (kG) = 0.1 tesla (T)

Note: Parmatech does not warranty that these materials are fit for any particular application. All materials need to be tested by the customer to assure that they meet minimum performance criteria.

Nominal Chemical Composition (%) of Common Parmatech MIM Alloys

Alloy* Fe Ni Cr C Si Mo Cu Mn Others
MIM-2200 Bal 1.5-2.5 0.05 max 1.0 max 0.5 max
MIM-2700 Bal 6.5-8.5 0.05 max 1.0 max 0.5 max
MIM-316L Bal 10-14 16-18 0.03 max 1.0 max 2-3 2.0 max
304 L Bal 8-12 18-20 0.03 max 1.0 max 2.0 max
MIM-17-4 PH Bal 3-5 15.5-17.5 0.07 max 1.0 max 3-5 1.0 max 0.15-0.45 (Nb+Ta)
MIM-420 Bal 12-14 0.20-0.35
4140 Bal 0.9-1.2 0.32-0.42 0.15-0.30 0.75-1.0
MIM-4605 Bal 1.5-2.5 0.4-0.6 1.0 max 0.2-0.5
MIM-430 L Bal 0.02 max 2.5-3.5
MIM-Fe-3%Si Bal 0.02 max 2.5-3.5 1.0 max
MIM-Fe-50%Ni Bal 49-51 0.02 max 1.0 max
MIM-Fe-50%Co Bal 0.05 max 1.0 max 48-50 Co 2.5 max V
F-15 Bal 29-30 0.04 max 16-17 Co

* Alloys with MIM prefix are also listed in the MPIF Standard 35 (2000 edition)
Materials Standard for Metal Injection Molded Parts

Small mechanical components with complex geometry are ideal candidates for MIM. High volume applications
maximize the cost saving benefits inherent with injection molding, giving design engineers a powerful tool to reduce cost on difficult to machine parts.

There are four main considerations for determining if a part is a good PIM candidate:

  • Size
  • Annual Volume
  • Material
  • Complexity

Characteristic Minimum Maximum Optimum
Mass 0.01 g

0.0004 oz

250 g

8.82 oz

<50 g

<1.75 oz

Wall Thickness 0.125 mm

0.005 in

7.62 mm

0.300 in

2.03 mm

0.080 in

Annual Usage 25,000 millions >100,000

At Parmatech, we work with our customer to identify critical characteristics in order to help us develop and customize a product quality plan that meets your needs.

At Parmatech, we believe that tooling is the largest factor in determining a robust and efficient product development timeline, as well as future production stability.. Therefore, it is critical to decide the best route to take when designing and constructing tools for MIM. We offer many flexible options, depending on the stage of your design.

Short-Run Prototype Tools

Short-run prototype tools are useful for a very limited number of parts (100-1,000), when several design options are being considered. Typical lead times are as short as 4-5 weeks, depending on part complexity.

Medium-Run Prototype Tools

Medium-run portotype tools have a typical lifetime of 50,000 shots. They are used for designs that are fairly mature, and are used to gain valuable insight to multi-cavity production tool design. Constructed of soft-tool steels to facilitate quick fabrication, their typical lead time is 4-8 weeks, depending on part complexity.

Production Tools

Production tools may be single or multiple cavity. They are constructed of premium-grade tool steels from reputable USA based mold vendor, with advanced cooling and hot runners, if required. Their typical lifetime is 750,000 shots. Our robust maintenance program has been known to keep molds in service into the millions of shots, adding further value in reducing requalification of new molds to extend product life. Tool geometry, complexity, and moving parts all influence shot life. Their typical lead time is 8-10 weeks, depending on design complexity.

Summary of Powder Injection Molding process, Materials, Part Selection guidelines in one easy to reference
guide. See what PIM can do for your demanding engineering requirements.


Power of Powder - MIM Design Guide

Download  1.44 MB


We appreciate your feedback. Thank you for your business.


Every ATW part is USA made, in a lean manufacturing environment, exactly to spec, no compromise in raw materials or quality systems. This means fewer barriers like time zone challenges and logistics issues for customers in the US, and reliable quality at globally competitive prices for customers around the world.


Your metal component should be the very best solution possible. In pursuit of that end, we internalize your environment, look at the big picture of your application, and explore our wide array of technologies for the lowest-cost to you. We anticipate and minimize risk. We shape to you.


  • in ATW, Parmatech


    ATW Companies Inc., a leading provider of custom manufactured metal components and services, is pleased to announce that Parmatech Corp., ATW’s California-based Metal Injection Molding subsidiary, won two design awards at the 2016 Powder Metallurgy (PM) Design Excellence Awards competition during the PowderMET show in Boston in June. Parmatech was ...
  • in ATW, Parmatech

    Parmatech-Proform wins Best Lean Management Award

    Providence Business News awarded Parmatech-Proform the “Best Lean Management” Award for its outstanding leadership in implementing Lean systems. The team accepted the award from Governor Gina Raimondo and sponsor Polaris MEP on March 17, 2016. PBN displayed a promotional video about Proform to an audience of over 200 business leaders, showing the v...
  • in AT Wall, ATW, Parmatech

    SHOTSHOW 2016: Growing market share and building relationships

    ATW Companies, a leading provider of engineered metal manufacturing solutions, will be showcasing its firearms capabilities and expanding range of distributor relationships at the Shooting, Hunting, Outdoor Trade Show (SHOT Show) and Conference 2016, January 18-22, 2016, at the Sands Expo & Convention Center, in Las Vegas, NV. ATW’s subsidiary ...


“This has become a huge blockbuster for us and continues to grow as we head towards 2020. We definitely took the market by getting there quickly and having a flawless product, priced affordably thanks to Parmatech MIM components that keep our costs down.”




"Parmatech helped us qualify for a huge government project by using MIM."










ATW and its subsidiaries regularly exhibit at industry trade shows and events. For many of these events, more than one company will be represented at the same time. Come by our booth and see how we can help you with your design and manufacturing needs!


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MIM vs Machining Quiz

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MPIF Award - PR 2014

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MPIF Award PR 2012

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MPIF Award PR 2016

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Proform award

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Top 5 Best Medical Device Launches

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    Parmatech Materials

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    Parmatech NDA

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    Parmatech Terms & Conditions

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    Power of Powder - MIM Design Guide

    Download  1.44 MB


      California Facility ISO

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      Parmatech Supplier Quality Requirements

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      Proform ISO

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        It is ATW’s expectation that all suppliers shall comply with certain business and ethical standards, as well as the laws of their countries and all other applicable laws, rules and regulations.

        Additionally, suppliers accepting purchase orders from ATW Companies facilities agree to adhere to the following guidelines.

        Unless otherwise noted on the ATW Purchase Order, suppliers are also required to adhere to the following regulatory requirements:


        International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) is a set of United States government regulations that control the export and import of defense-related articles and services on the United States Munitions List. These regulations implement the provisions of the Arms Export Control Act, and are described in Title 22 (Foreign Relations), Chapter I (Department of State), Subchapter M of the Code of Federal Regulations. The Department of State interprets and enforces ITAR. Its goal is to advance national strategic objectives and U.S. foreign policy via the trade controls.


        RoHS, also known as Lead-Free, stands for Restriction of Hazardous Substances. RoHS, also known as Directive 2002/95/EC, originated in the European Union and restricts the use of six hazardous materials found in a variety of product. All Suppliers shall know and understand the contents of its products, including the products of its Suppliers. Suppliers shall provide a complete listing of the product's, or services, physical contents to ATW to demonstrate compliance if required. If necessary, ATW may require documentation from the Supplier certifying their product to be RoHS compliant.

        ATW suppliers are required to adhere to the following RoHS guidelines with regards to materials content:

        • Lead (Pb): < 1000 ppm
        • Mercury (Hg): < 100 ppm
        • Cadmium (Cd): < 100 ppm
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        The European Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) entered into force in June 2007. Suppliers shall comply with all applicable REACH requirements that affect the products they supply to ATW. ATW expects Suppliers will have a dialogue with their own supply chain and with ATW regarding all applicable aspects of REACH

        3TG (Conflict Minerals) Section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Act of 2010

        ATW is contractually required to report the unintentional use of certain minerals from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and countries that share its border (“the DRC region”). The minerals specifically identified are tin, tungsten, tantalum, and gold (known as “3TG minerals”). The 3TG minerals are present in the manufacture of a wide variety of commercial products. ATW suppliers are required to disclose to ATW if the product or services provided to ATW contain these minerals.

        DPAS Rated Orders

        ATW occasionally accepts orders or contracts that fall under the provisions of the Defense Priorities and Allocation System (DPAS).

        The purpose of the DPAS is to:

        Assure timely delivery of materials and services from private industry to meet National Defense needs,

        Provide an operating system to support rapid industry response to Government Procurement needs in times of need. ATW will not designate individual POs as DPAS rated. ATW suppliers should be aware of, and prepared to, meet the requirements of DPAS for all POs.




        Parmatech California

        2221 Pine View Way
        Petaluma, CA 94954

        Parmatech Rhode Island

        825 Waterman Ave
        East Providence, RI 02914

        Tel: (707) 778-2266 ext:2930
        Fax: (707) 778-2262


        Tel: (401) 824-5010 ext:1531
        Fax: (401) 824-5018


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